What is Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu
Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is an art that puts its focus on grappling and ground fighting. This sport was derived from Kodokan Judo ground fighting essentials which were taught by people like Takeo Yano and Mitsuyo Maeda. Later in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu became its own sport that was gradually equipped with its own rules, experiments and practices with a number of adaptations from Judo.
It’s usually expected that bigger, stronger and heavier people can overpower smaller and weaker people. However, BJJ has founded itself on the reverse of this concept. By use of appropriate techniques such as taking the bigger person to the ground, weaker people can be in a position to fight and defend themselves against the stronger people more easily.
Genesis of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu
The first Jujutsu/Judo school in brazil was founded by Geo Omori in 1909. In this school, he would teach a number of individuals the various techniques of this art both as a sport and as a defense mechanism. In 1925, the Japanese government officially mandated that Judo should be the right and standard name for the art. Same as it was taught in Japanese schools in Japan and not Jujutsu as it is known in Brazil.
The art did not make it to the martial arts community until early 1990s and this when Brazilian expert Royce Gracie won the first, second and fourth Ultimate Fighting Championships. Royce often fought against bigger opponents who used different styles of fighting. These diverse styles used by most of his opponents include Wrestling, Boxing, Karate and Tae Kwon do. BJJ has since gained popularity and has made its way to MMA fighters and ADCC submission Wrestling World Championship.
Brazilian Jiu-jitsu emphasizes that larger and stronger people always have that competitive advantage by their superior reach and powerful strikes which can be reduced if the person is put to the ground. So, the first concept here before you even start fighting is that you need to put that person to the ground. That you can overpower them easily when fighting.
This art allows a myriad of techniques that enables someone to take the opponent to the ground after taking a grip. While some combat sports such as wresting use a takedown to take the opponent to the ground, BJJ advocates for pull guard. The guard is an important part of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu that is used as an offensive position. It is also used to in Judo though it is not called using the same name.
As soon as the opponent is on the ground, you can use a number of maneuvers and counter-maneuvers to challenge the opponent into a position for assault. BJJ advocates for taking a dominant position to defend oneself from the bottom and passing the guard to help dominate from top position with side control. In training, drills are usually used to help practice techniques against a non-resisting partner. However, at advanced stages the opponent can also resist though they are restricted to only the legal techniques.
You can find school of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu in Limassol – Ludus – Martial Art School.