What are the Symptoms of Dehydration?

Dehydration is a state of the body where the amount of fluids leaving the body is higher than the amount that is taken in. Naturally, water is lost through body processes such as urination, sweating, breathing and in stools. The main way of rehydrating (‘watering’) our body cells is through water intake and also through the foods we take.

High temperature and high humidity are two climatic factors that favor high water loss from our body. This is very true with the prolonged summer in Cyprus. If dehydration symptoms are not identified and addressed in time, the effects can lead to health problems in the short and long-term. The most serious problem that can arise from severe dehydration is permanent kidney damage. Symptoms of dehydration are grouped according to the degree of the problem.

Symptoms of mild dehydration

  • Thirst
  • Reduced urine output and frequency
  • Tiredness
  • Dry skin

Symptoms of moderate dehydration

  • Little concentrated urine
  • Mental fogginess
  • Increased lethargy
  • Increased irritability
  • Dry eyes – no tears
  • Sleepiness
  • Constipation
  • Persistent headache

Symptoms of severe dehydration

This type of dehydration is a medical emergency. Without intervention, it quickly leads to death. Symptoms include:

  • Confusion and deliriums
  • Little dark brown urine if any
  • Extreme thirst
  • Increased heart rate
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Increased body temperature
  • Loss of consciousness and death.

Dehydration effects adults and children very significantly. Children’s body systems are affected faster and so can succumb to dehydration faster than adults.
During the hot and humid Cyprus summers, the risk of dehydration are increased. Don’t wait for the symptoms of dehydration to set in as it could be late by then. Keep well hydrated! Be healthy!